Erectile dysfunction is a disorder in which a man has a tough time keeping an erection firm enough during a sexual intercourse. Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a medical problem but sometimes the problem can be psychological too. It may be due to the blood vessels or nerves supplying the penis is affecting an erection sufficient to sex.
During an erection, the spongy tissues in two chambers of the penis trap the blood flow, and the penis becomes erect. After the intercourse, the muscular tissue in the penis contract and blood is released and the penis gets soft and limp.
Common signs & symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction can be caused by a medical, emotional or physical reasons. Keeping and maintaining erection involves the vascular system, nervous system, hormones, brain, muscles, blood vessels, endocrine system, and general emotional wellbeing.
There are various health-related factors that contribute to erectile dysfunction:
The primary test included a physical examination, mental health questioning, and checking of sexual history. Addition tests are as follows:
The treatment option is dependent on the patient's overall health condition, cause & severity of erectile dysfunction. There are various treatment options are available including:
Oral drug such as PDE5 inhibitors increases blood flow in the penis that relaxes muscles in the penis. These are Sildenafil (Viagra), Tadalafil (Adcirca, Cialis), Vardenafil (Levitra, Staxyn), and Avanafil (Stendra) and can be taken with a doctor's prescription only. It has to be taken 30 to 60 minutes before the sex. However, these medications may have some side effects such as nausea, headache, muscle aches & indigestion
Alprostadil self-injection can be injected into the base or side of your penis. It creates an hour-long erection. Mild bleeding and pain at the injection side are its side effects.
Testosterone replacement therapy fixes normal erections with the combination of ED drugs. It works well when you have low levels of testosterone hormones.
Vacuum erection device
A vacuum erection device is placed over your penis and sealed around it. A pump makes a low-pressure vacuum around the erectile tissue. The pump sucks the air inside the tube and holds blood for 30 minutes longer. After the erection, you can slip an elastic ring onto the base of the penis and remove the tension ring.
This is the generally considered as a last resort when other treatments have failed. Insertion of a penile implant involves placing devices into both sides of the penis. Penile implant surgery carries a risk of infection. However, it gives a higher degree of sexual satisfaction than other erection treatments.
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