A hernia is an abnormal protrusion of an organ through an opening in the muscle or tissue. It's a localized bulge of an organ or tissue through a weak spot in muscle or tissue. Most of the hernias occur in the abdominal cavity where a piece of intestine or fatty lining of the colon protrudes through the weak muscle walls. In addition to it, it is also found in the groin, upper part of the stomach, and belly button area. The surrounding muscles or the connective tissue of muscular walls are unable to hold the organs in place.
The most common forms of hernia are:
A hernia is present at the time of birth or develops overtime at the weak places of the abdominal wall. Some common causes of muscle weakness and hernia are:
There are some factors that can increase the risk of hernia:
A hernia is easily noticed with increased lumps or swelling in the affected area. More symptoms of a hernia are:
To diagnose the condition of hernia:
Treatment options depend on the individual condition of the hernia, and the location of the hernia. Enlarging or painful hernias need surgical treatment to relieve discomfort and pain.
You may experience pain and discomfort at the surgical location. Follow-up care is needed for wound care and instructions. Sometimes healthy diet, lifestyle changes, and weight loss may help control symptoms and minimize the need for surgery.
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