Hypospadias is a birth defect in which the urethra's opening hole is not on the tip of the penis. It may be located underside of the penis, head of the penis, along the shaft, or on the scrotum. The urethra is the tube that carries urine and sperm through the penis and drains them out of the body. It doesn't create complications so generally, it is left untreated. Though a doctor can do surgery if required to fix the problem.
This condition can cause problems with urinating, cleaning, and sexual intercourse.
Types are described based on the urethral opening:
Signs and symptoms of hypospadias in children include:
The urethra defects occur during pregnancy. Hypospadias occurs because of malfunctioning of the certain hormones that form the urethra. This may lead to the abnormally developed or underdeveloped urethra in a baby's penis. There are certain risk factors that are associated with the disorder:
Paediatricians usually diagnose the condition of a new-born soon after birth. It's a routine new-born examination so dislocation of the urethra opening can be repaired after the birth. Hypospadias repair surgery corrects the opening in the penis and gives it a normal appearance.
Mild hypospadias with no curvature in the penis doesn't requires any surgery. Some complicated cases of hypospadias require surgical repair. Surgery can correct curvature of the penis, straightens the penis, reconstructs the urethra, and create an opening of the urethra at the tip of the penis. Surgery is performed when a child is between six and 12 months old. After surgery, prescribed antibiotics are given to the baby to prevent infection.
If hypospadias is not treated, abnormal curvature and dislocation of the urethra opening create difficulties in urination and sexual function.
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