The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, located in your abdomen on each side of your spine. The main job of kidneys is to remove waste, excess fluid and detoxify the blood. Apart from it, it makes hormones that make sure the body has enough red blood cells. Kidney cancer starts in the kidney where kidney cells become malignant and grow rapidly. Kidney cancer is also called renal cancer and is easy to detect before it spread to other organs.
Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer that is often seen in adults. RCC usually grows as a single mass tumor within a part of the kidney that filters blood. Renal pelvis carcinoma occurs where urine is collected in the kidney.
Wilms tumors are the most common type of cancer that occurs in children because of loss or inactivation of a tumor suppressor gene that usually controls cell growth.
Transitional cell carcinomas develop in the lining of the renal pelvis that connects kidneys to the bladder. This cancer develops as bladder cancer and is associated with cigarette smoking and exposure to cancer-causing chemicals.
Renal sarcomas are a rare type of kidney cancer. It develops in the blood vessels or connective tissue of the kidney.
You may have no early symptoms of kidney cancer at the early stages. As the cancer progress, the following possible symptoms start appearing:
There are certain factors that may increase the risk for kidney cancer included:
Your doctor may suggest many tests to learn more about kidney cancer. Initially, the doctor will check the complete history and physical examination. To detect kidney cancer, the following tests are suggested:
After the diagnosis, your doctor recommends the best treatment option. Many different risk factors are involved with kidney cancer such as the type of kidney cancer and the age and overall health of the individual. Consult the best urologist for kidney cancer treatment. Follow-up appointments are necessary to check the regrowth of tumors.
When the kidney tumor becomes very large or aggressive, the surgeon removes the kidney along with the adrenal gland, lymph nodes, and surrounding tissue. Most often it is done by laparoscopic surgery. Partial nephrectomy removes only the tumor, lymph nodes, and some surrounding tissue.
If your tumor is small, the doctor suggests an ablation method to destroy tumors. Radiofrequency ablation is used to heat the tumor and destroy the cells. Cryoablation uses cold gases to destroy the tumors. The biopsy is required to monitor the tumor cells before applying ablation.
Chemotherapy uses powerful drugs to attack and kill cancer cells and delay the process of growing cancer cells. Immunotherapy restores and boosts the body's natural defence system to fight cancer. Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite is some of the side effects. Targeted therapy uses drugs or other substances to stop the formation of new blood vessels to block the supply of nutrients to the cancer cells.
Kidney cancer can be cured. Treatment is more effective when the cancer is detected at an early stage. A healthy lifestyle and regular health check-ups are some means to control your health.
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