Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological disorder that leads to shaking, muscle stiffness, and difficulty with walking, balance, and coordination. The reason why it develops is not known, but experts believe that genetic changes and exposure to environmental factors such as toxins play a key role in the development of the disease.
The signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease might vary from person to person. They often start from one side of the body and usually remain worse on that side, even after the symptoms have started affecting another side.
Signs and symptoms may include:
It is caused when certain nerve cells(neurons) in the brain gradually break down or die. Many symptoms occur when there is a loss of cells (neurons) that produce a chemical in the brain called dopamine. When dopamine level decreases, it affects the operation of another area of the brain called the basal ganglia. This part of the brain is responsible for organizing the brain’s signals for body movement. The loss of dopamine causes abnormal brain activity, movement symptoms that are seen in people with Parkinson’s disease.
Studies have suggested that stressful life events may increase the risk of the disease as stress can damage dopamine cells that result in severe Parkinson's symptoms.
Several factors may increase the risk such as:
There is no specific blood or laboratory tests for diagnosing Parkinson's disease. Imaging tests like CT scans or MRI scans may be used to rule out other disorders that may cause similar symptoms.
The doctor will ask for the medical history, family history of neurologic disorders and your present symptoms, medications, and if any exposure to toxins. The doctor will check for the signs of tremor and muscle rigidity, allow you to walk, check your posture and coordination and check the slowness of the body movement.
There is no cure for Parkinson's disease, but certain treatments such as supportive therapies, lifestyle changes, and medication are available to help relieve the symptoms and maintain quality of life.
Proper rest, exercise, and a balanced diet can help with Parkinson's symptoms.
In addition to this, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech-language therapy would help with walking and balance problems, eating and swallowing issues, and speech problems.
Experts have developed new drugs that made a big difference in everyday life for people with this disease. Many get relief from the symptoms with these medications. But some might need surgery if the medications are not enough or stop working for their symptoms.
The medications combat Parkinson's disease:
Medicines given for Parkinson's disease are
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