Undescended testicles is a condition in which one or both of a baby boy's testicles (testes) have not moved down into the bag of skin hanging below the penis before birth. It is also known as cryptorchidism. Testicles are oval-shaped male sex organs that produce sperm and testosterone hormone. After 6 months of age, Child's testicles drop into his scrotum from the abdomen. The scrotum is a small pouch of skin below the penis.
Undescended testicles may increase the risk of testicular cancer or hernia in adulthood. An undescended testicle is directly associated with sperm production in men. Undescended testicles problem is common in premature baby boys.
There could be many reasons for undescended testicles as:
Testicles are expected to be in the scrotum and if it is not present there is the clear sign of an undescended testicle. When an undescended testicle can be felt in the physical examination is called palpable. When an undescended testicle is left inside the abdomen, it cannot be felt. It is called nonpalpable. Nonpalpable testicles could form a tumor later in life. Treating an undescended testicle after birth lowers the risk of complications. Undescended testicles could be in:
Most often doctors find the problems soon after the birth during their regular check-up. In some cases, the following diagnostic tests are recommended:
Normally, the testicle descends on its own within 3 months. If it has not descended within 6 months, the surgery is recommended for a 6-12 months old baby.
Treating an undescended testicle in early childhood lower the risk of complication in life.
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