A vesicovaginal fistula is an abnormal opening that develops between the bladder and the wall of the vagina. This results in the leakage of urine out of the vagina, sometimes lightly, but it can be steady if the fistula is large. This condition is a serious medical problem, and it is very upsetting. The leakage is embarrassing and can smell bad.
Causes of fistulas may be due to infections, injuries, and inflammation. They may occur in many parts of the body.
A vaginal fistula doesn't hurt but may cause discomfort and other problems that need medical care.
The most common symptom is
Other symptoms of vaginal fistulas include:
The reasons for vesicovaginal fistula are tissue damage that occurs due to trauma, medical procedures, or diseases such as
Most vesicovaginal fistulas develop soon after surgery. Patients will face problems with urine leakage. The doctor will typically do a close physical exam of the area to understand the problem. Based on the finding’s tests are ordered. The most common tests include:
Surgery is the only way to fix vesicovaginal fistulas. Sometimes, additional procedures are required to correct the original cause of the problem, such as damage to the bladder.
Surgery done to correct vesicovaginal fistulas is generally very successful.
For women who have a fistula due to cancer may not have a good outcome.
The doctor will place a catheter in the bladder for few weeks while the surgical area heals.
Almost everyone who has a fistula needs surgery. What kind of surgery you get depends on the type of fistula and where is it located?
It could be laparoscopic surgery, in which the doctor makes small incisions and inserts cameras and tools. Or it could be abdominal surgery where you get a regular incision with a tool called a scalpel.
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